# Array Left Rotation Hackerrank

A left rotation operation on an array of size n shifts each of the array’s elements 1 unit to the left. For example, if 2 left rotations are performed on array [1,2,3,4,5], then the array would become [3,4,5,1,2].

### Read Full Question at:

https://www.hackerrank.com/challenges/array-left-rotation/forum

Given an array of n integers and a number, d, perform the left rotations on the array. Then print the updated array as a single line of space-separated integers.

**Input Format**

The first line contains two space-separated integers denoting the respective values of n (the number of integers) and d(the number of left rotations you must perform).

The second line contains n space-separated integers describing the respective elements of the array’s initial state.

**Constraints**

1<=n<=10^{5}

1<=d<=n

1<=a_{i}<=10^{6}

**Output Format**

Print a single line of n space-separated integers denoting the final state of the array after performing d left rotations.

**Sample Input**

5 4

1 2 3 4 5

**Sample Output**

5 1 2 3 4

### Solution

Now you understand what is the problem, we just have to shift the elements of an array to the left as many times as our second input value. so if the array is [7 6 8 9 ] and shift-value d=2 this means for the first time array will be [ 6 8 9 7] and after second rotation it will be [ 8 9 7 6].

Let’s think about how we will do it in programming. First logic is very easy: just take input in the array and take the value of d. if** d>n** we will take the remainder because after** n** rotation array will be the same. so d=d%n now we are following the position print out concept.

**what is position print out concept?**

because we know the value of d so, we will print that element whose index is d.

again see the above example. a=[7 6 8 9 ] and d=2

here see carefully a[d]=a[2]=8 so we will print 8 then 9. i.e; first loop will be from d to the last index and the second loop will be from beginning to d.

8 and 9 from the first loop, and 7 6 from the second loop.

** C++ code**

int n,d; cin>>n; int a[n]; cin>>d; for(int i=0;i<n;cin>>a[i],i++); d=d%n; for(int i=d;i<n;i++) cout<<a[i]<<" "; for(int i=0;i<d;i++) cout<<a[i]<<" "; return 0;

**Java and Python will be the same**

```
public class Solution {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);
int n = scan.nextInt();
int d = scan.nextInt();
int[] a= new int[n];
for(int i=0;i<n;a[i]=scan.nextInt(),i++);
d=d%n;
for(int i=d;i<n;i++)
System.out.print(a[i]+" ");
for(int i=0;i<d;i++)
System.out.print(a[i]+" ");
}
}
```

**IInd Logic:**

This is the advance logic, and it’s based on mathematics.If we want **1 left rotation** we will make **n-1 right rotations**. and **d** left rotations will be **n-d** right rotations.

0<i<n-1 here i is index and n is the size of the array. so we will replace or store every i^{th } to (i+n-d)^{th } place. then we will display it for the output. here (i+n-d)%n for d>n you have read above.

whenever I read an element of the array from the input, I directly assign it int to the array at the specified index after shifting. The array of size n, so when the index (i+n-d) is equal to n, the index actually goes back to the starting index. I use mod(%) to get the correct index d>n;

#include <cmath> #include <cstdio> #include <vector> #include <iostream> #include <algorithm> using namespace std; int main() { /* Enter your code here. Read input from STDIN. Print output to STDOUT */ int n,d,temp; cin>>n>>d; int *a =new int[n]; for(int i=0; i<n;i++) cin>>a[(i+n-d)%n]; for(int i=0; i<n;i++) cout<<a[i]<<" "; return 0; }

int n,d; cin>>n; int a[n]; cin>>d; for(int i=0;i<n;cin>>a[i],i++); d=d%n; for(int i=d;i<n;i++) cout<<a[i]<<" "; for(int i=0;i<d;i++) cout<<a[i]<<" "; return 0;

Keep in mind a left rotation of x is equal to (len-x) of right rotations. Hence, it would be more efficient to the rotation with least amount of “moves”.

```
public class Solution {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);
int n = scan.nextInt();
int d = scan.nextInt();
int[] array = new int[n];
for(int i=0; i<n;i++) {
array[(i+n-d)%n] = scan.nextInt();
}
for(int i=0; i<n;i++) {
System.out.print(array[i] + " ");
}
}
}
```

```
public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
int n = sc.nextInt();
int d = sc.nextInt();
int array[] = new int[n];
for (int i=0; i<n; i++) { array[i] = sc.nextInt(); }
for (int i=0; i<n; i++) { System.out.print(array[(i+d)%n] + " "); }
}
```

```
n, d = map(int, raw_input().split())
arr = map(int, raw_input().split())
arr_dup = arr[:]
for i in range(n):
arr[i] = arr_dup[(i+d)%n]
for i in arr:
print i,
```

```
# Enter your code here. Read input from STDIN. Print output to STDOUT
n,m=raw_input().split()
a=[int(i) for i in raw_input().split()]
for j in range(int(n)):
print a[(j+int(m))%int(n)],
```

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